What is the main importance of vitamins?
Participate in critical synthesis and metabolic reactions in the body
In many enzymatic reactions in the body, the synthesis of essential substances is inseparable from the corresponding vitamins, such as vitamin A, which regulates the ability of night vision. Vitamin D, which promotes the calcification of bone and teeth; vitamin K, which is necessary for the synthesis of coagulation factors; and folic acid, which is necessary for the synthesis of DNA, etc. Vitamins are involved in the synthesis and metabolic reactions in their bodies.
Some vitamins have antioxidant effects, such as vitamin E and vitamin C, which are antioxidants in the body and can protect the structure and function of human cell membranes and proteins, respectively, and can affect cell differentiation.
Regulation of gene expression
Some vitamins can regulate the expression of genes in the body, such as vitamin E, so that the functions in the body are orderly and regular, maintain the normal function of cells, tissues and organs, and maintain the average growth and development of the organism.